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This is the first book to be entirely devoted to travertine, a material in use for over 4000 years. The single-author work reviews all aspects of travertine origins, formation, composition, flora and fauna, occurrence and utilisation. The book has been designed as a reference work to travertine and includes allied continental carbonates such as lake marls, calcretes and beachrocks. Travertine, some forms of which are often known as btufab, is of particular significance as a source of environmental information (fossils and isotope geochemistry) often permitting reconstruction of past environments. Reviews of dating techniques, classification and geomorphology are included and the author has attempted to provide as far as possible an unbiased but critical appraisal of current models of travertine formation. Travertine is currently in great demand as a building and ornamental stone. It has also been exploited in unusual ways, such as bpetrifying springsb and some unusual and little known artistictechniques are described and illustrated. Scaling of pipes and boilers is often the result of processes allied to travertine formation. The phenomenon is described together with methods of scale elimination and compared with natural processes where travertine formation is inhibited. The importance of travertines as sites of special scientific interest, with their rich and often unique floras and faunas is emphasised together with examples of their biodiversity, and their unusual and often fragile biota. Conservation issues are discussed, together with the description of travertine fossils and occurrences throughout the geological record. The book should not be viewed simply as a work ofscholarship, but as a reference source for travertine covering a wide range of disciplines.At Hierapolis, Turkey, the great necropolis contains hundreds of finely decorated tombs all of local travertine dating from the early ... 1 7.3.3 The Dark Ages to the Renaissance, A.d. 455-1 550 Europe Excluding the United Kingdom In Italy the use of ... the apse, the voussoirs for one of the apse windows and the surround of one of the tower and stair turret windows. ... be either 17.3 a€c Building and Exterior Decoration 327 17.3.3 The Dark Ages to the Renaissance, A.D. 455- 1550.

Author: Allan Pentecost
Publisher:Springer Science & Business Media - 2005-07-22

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